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Marcus Garvey and UNIA Failed Liberia Expedition

By Morgan Files Widespread misconceptions surround the aborted plans for a UNIA settlement program in the Republic of Liberia in the 1920s. Chief among these is that the Liberian upper classes were averse to Garvey’s plans which would have undermined “Americo-Liberian hegemony” over the country. The more complicated truth has less to do with “Americo-Liberian hegemony” than a curious combination of French, British and American interests in Africa, an all-too-human rivalry between Garvey and African-American scholar W.E.B. Du Bois, and Marcus Garvey’s own failure to keep his grandiose plans under…

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