Op-ed 

Berlin 1884: Remembering the conference that divided Africa

135 years ago, European leaders sat around a horseshoe-shaped table to set the rules for Africa’s colonization.     On the afternoon of Saturday, November 15, 1884, an international conference was opened by the chancellor of the newly-created German Empire at his official residence on Wilhelmstrasse, in Berlin. Sat around a horseshoe-shaped table in a room overlooking the garden with representatives from every European country, apart from Switzerland, as well as those from the United States and the Ottoman Empire. The only clue as to the purpose of the November gathering of white…

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